Traditional dance and music have played an important role in every culture Including Moroccan culture, such music and dance would give joy to every special occasion. For every generation, it’s a very important cultural tradition for Amazigh people in Morocco as well as in the whole of North Africa. Through this article, we travel through Morocco music history to introduce its traditional dances and art as well as its music instruments.
Due to the promises of globalization, Moroccans have begun to shun their traditions in favor of more modern practices, In addition, religion made this music and dance not preferable to practice. These reasons put Moroccan traditional music and dance in the way of disappearance however it is the encouragement and efforts that some associations and locals do, to involve it in the modern lifestyle and participating in some big festivals in Morocco
Ahidous is both music and dancing traditional Amazigh dance and music in Morocco Mountains, performed by both men and women as a line or circle. This traditional Music dance is well known in the region of the Middle Atlas mountains, as well as in southeast Morocco especially in Jbel Saghro. During the wedding in Morocco, this is the best entertainment as well as an opportunity to find a future wife for the young people.
Men would wear white Jallaba with the hood, turbans tied on their head, while women dress with different clothing depending on the region, with different jewelry. Men hold the Idgem/Tallount, The special drumming instrument, singing poetry that women repeat its first part. The singing would take different subjects such as love, hope, bride, groom, wish…
Ahwach is an Amazigh Dance performed by men and women on the opposite sides, playing drums and singing poets along with, this is the major dance for Amazigh people on the High Atlas mountains and sous region, typically during the wedding it’s an event that everybody is waiting for after the meals. The Ahwach dance mainly played during the wedding, although last 10 years Ahwach become one of the best performances in several Festivals in Morocco.
Ahwach dance may slightly be different from a region to another, but still, it is the best joyful and convivial dance and music that you may attend if you visit one of the small villages in the Atlas mountains.
One of the old Moroccan folkloric Music dances in the Sahara in regions of Zagora played like a band with a lot of drumming instruments. Men and women side by side they sing following the signs of the leader, who usually stands in front of the band. All in once they clap hands and sing poets. This dance still performs during special events such as big weddings or in some famous Music festivals in Morocco.
Rokba dance Was a very famous performance during the war back in time when Draa valley was a tribunal society, nowadays Rakba performed at weddings and large community events within the southern villages of the valley.
Named after the person who holds the flute, who can play along with the drummers, holds Talount ( Drumming Amazigh instrument). This old type of Berber music Morocco is famous in the region of Ait Bougmmez valley and the valleys around. Although Boghanim is very appreciated and brings a smile to everyone during the weddings in the Amazigh villages, this type of music is becoming rare and in the way of disappearance due to not being practice and not taught to the new generations.
Commonly known as “belly dance” a Moroccan traditional dance, only practiced by women. The dancing performs at private ceremonies, such as weddings and circumcisions, makes it hard for a tourist in Morocco to tend if not has been invited to a Moroccan wedding. This dance goes along with playing violin, drums, and Lotar. Recently this dance is slightly taken to the next level to be taught in some dancing schools abroad, however, it is still private and not considered as an art worth showing and saving.
Based on Shaabi music or Atlas music, this type of dancing is very famous in different parts of Morocco. During the special events and weddings, Shikhat dancing would be the best entertainment. This dance is an integral part of the cultural heritage of Morocco, still, the Shikhat dance may be a type of intangible heritage that is in danger of being lost.